Abbot P, Lowore J, Khofi C, Werren M: Defining firewood quality: a comparison of quantitative and rapid appraisal techniques to evaluate firewood species from a Southern African savanna. Biomass & Bioenergy 1997, 12: 429–437. 10.1016/S0961-9534(96)00084-0
Afzal M, Bedane A, Sokhasanj S, Mahmood W: Storage of comminuted and uncomminuted forest biomass and its effect on fuel quality. BioResources 2010,5(1):55–69.
Baker S, Westbrook M, Greene D: Evaluation of integrated harvesting systems in pine stands of the southern United States. Biomass & Bioenergy 2010, 34: 720–727. 10.1016/j.biombioe.2010.01.014
Brammer JG, Bridgewater AV: Drying technologies for an integrated gasification bio-energy plant. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 1999, 3: 243–289. 10.1016/S1364-0321(99)00008-8
CEN/TS 14774–2:2009: Solid biofuels – methods for determination of moisture content. Total moisture: simplified method: Oven dry method; 2009.
Chau J, Sowlati T, Sokhansanj S, Preto F, Melin S, Bi X: Economic sensitivity of wood biomass utilization for greenhouse heating application. Applied Energy 2009,86(5):616–621. 10.1016/j.apenergy.2008.11.005
Ciganas N, Raila A: Analysis of heating value variations in stored wood. Proceedings of the Conference “Engineering for rural development”, Jelgava 27–28 May 2010 2010.
Clean Energy Center: Greater Wellington Regional Council Forest Residue Utilisation Trial. Taupo, New Zealand: Published by Clean Energy Centre; 2009.
Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority: Good Practice Guide: production of wood fuel form forest landings. Technical Guide 9.0; 2010.
Filbakk T, Høibø O, Nurmi J: Modelling natural drying efficiency in covered and uncovered piles of whole broadleaf trees for energy use. Biomass and Bioenergy 2011, 35: 454–463. 10.1016/j.biombioe.2010.09.003
Gislerud O: Drying and storing of comminuted wood fuels. Biomass 1990, 22: 229–244. 10.1016/0144-4565(90)90019-G
Hall P: Effects of storage on fuel parameters of piles and comminuted logging residues. Rotorua, New Zealand: Logging Industry Research Organisation: LIRO Report Vol. 25, No. 5; 2000.
Hall P, Jack M Productivity, Land use and Environmental & Economic Implications. In Bioenergy options for New Zealand: Analyses of large scale bioenergy from Forestry. Rotorua, New Zealand: Scion; 2009.
Hart C: SIMSOR: A computer simulation of water soprtion in wood. Wood Fiber 1982, 32: 26–31.
Hillring B: Price trends in the Swedish wood-fuel market. Biomass & Bioenergy 1997, 12: 41–51. 10.1016/S0961-9534(96)00066-9
Holmberg H, Ahtila P: Comparison of drying costs in biofuel drying between multi-stage and single stage drying. Biomass & Bioenergy 2004, 26: 515–530. 10.1016/j.biombioe.2003.09.007
Jirjis R: Storage and drying of wood fuels. Biomass & Bioenergy 1995, 9: 181–190. 10.1016/0961-9534(95)00090-9
Johansson A, Fyhr C, Rasmuson A: High temperature convective drying of wood chips with air and superheated steam. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 1997, 40: 2843–2858. 10.1016/S0017-9310(96)00341-9
Junginger M, De Visser E, Hjort-Gregersen K, Koornneef J, Raven R, Faaij A, Turkenburg W: Technological learning in bioenergy systems. Energy Policy 2006, 34: 4024–4041. 10.1016/j.enpol.2005.09.012
Kent T, Coates E, Kofman P: Moisture Content Variation in Forest Biomass During Storage. Proceedings of the COST FP902 Conference, Trento, Italy 2010. 8 October 2010
Laurila J, Lauhanen R: Moisture content of Norway spruce stump wood at clear cutting areas and roadside storage sites. Silva Fennica 2010, 44: 427–434.
Lethikangas J, Jirjis R: Valtlagring av averkningsrester fran barrtrad under varierande omsta ndigheter (Storing of logging residues under various conditions). Uppsala, Sweden: Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet, Institutionen for virkeslara, Rapport nr. 235; 1993.
McIlveen-Wright DR, Williams BC, McMullan JT: A re-appraisal of wood-fired combustion. Bioresources Technology 2001, 76: 183–190. 10.1016/S0960-8524(00)00129-2
National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Science (NIWA): The National Climate Database – Database Query Form. 2010. retrieved September 2010 http://cliflo.niwa.co.nz/
Nurmi J: The storage of logging residue for fuel. Biomass & Bioenergy 1999, 17: 41–47. 10.1016/S0961-9534(99)00023-9
Nurmi J: Storage alternatives affect fuelwood properties of Norway spruce logging residues. New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science 2001,31(3):289–97.
Nurmi J, Hillebrand K: The characteristics of whole-tree fuel stocks from silvicultural cleanings and thinnings. Biomass & Bioenergy 2007, 31: 381–392. 10.1016/j.biombioe.2007.01.010
Olsen E, Hossain M, Miller M: Statistical comparison of methods used in harvesting work studies. Corvallis, OR, USA: Oregon State University Forest Research Laboratory: Research Contribution no. 23; 1998.
Pennial C: Feasibility Study into the Potential for Gasification Plant in the New Zealand Wood Processing Industry. Christchurch, New Zealand: A thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Degree of Master of Engineering in Chemical and Process Engineering. University of Canterbury; 2008.
Petterson M, Nordfjell T: Fuel quality changes during seasonal storage of compacted logging residues and young trees. Biomass & Bioenergy 2007, 31: 789–792.
Raghavan G, Rennie T, Sunjka P, Orsat V, Phaphuangwittayakul W, Terdtoon P: Overview of new techniques for drying biological materials with emphasis on energy aspects. Brasilian Journal of Chemical Engineering 2005, 22: 195–201.
Reuss M, Benkert S, Aeberhard A, Martina P, Rausch G, Rentzell B, Sogari N: Modelling and experimental investigation of a pilot plant for solar wood drying. Solar Energy 1997,59(259):270.
Röser D, Erkkilä A, Mola-Yudego B, Sikanen L, Prinz R, Heikkinen A, Kaipainen H, Oravainen H, Hillebrand K, Emer B, Väätäinen K: Correct text and formatting is: Natural drying methods to promote fuel quality enhancement of small energywood stems. Joensuu, Finland: Finnish Forest Research Institute: Working Papers of the Finnish Forest Research Institute, 186; 2010.
Rupar K, Sanati M: The release of organic compounds during biomass drying upon the feedstock and/or altering drying heating medium. Biomass & Bioenergy 2003, 25: 615–622. 10.1016/S0961-9534(03)00055-2
SAS Institute Inc: StatView Reference. Cary, NC, USA: SAS Publishing; 1999:84–93.
Scion: Woody biomass for boiler fuel - Guidelines for Payment by Energy Content. Rotorua, New Zealand: Scion; 2011. Downloaded on 12 May 2011 from: http://www.bkc.co.nz
Simpson W, Hart C: Method for estimating air-drying times of lumber. Forest Products Journal 2001, 51: 56–63.
Simpson W, Wang X: Estimating air drying times of small-diameter ponderosa pine and Douglas-fir logs. Madison, WI, USA: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory: Research Paper FPL-613; 2003.
Spets J, Ahtila P: Improving the power-to-heat ratio in CHP plants by means of a biofuel multistage drying system. Applied Thermal Engineering 2002, 22: 1175–1180. 10.1016/S1359-4311(02)00045-5
Spinelli R: Forest chips. In Guidelines for the development of a forest chips supply chain model. Edited by: Spinelli R. Italy: GAL Prealpi e Dolomiti: Belluno; 2005:93–97.
Spinelli R, Ivorra L, Magagnotti N, Picchi G: Performance of a mobile mechanical screen to improve the commercial quality of wood chips for energy. Biores. Technol. 2010,102(15):7366–7370.
Strelher A: Technologies of wood combustion. Ecological Engineering 2000, 16: 25–40.
Stupak A, Asikainen A, Jonsel M, Karltun E, Lunnan A: Sustainable utilisation of forest biomass for energy—Possibilities and problems: Policy, legislation, certification, and recommendations and guidelines in the Nordic, Baltic, and other European countries. Biomass & Bioenergy 2007, 31: 666–684. 10.1016/j.biombioe.2007.06.012
Suadicani K, Heding N: Wood preparation, storage, and drying. Biomass Bioen. 1992, 2: 49–156.
Svoboda K, Martinec J, Pohořely M, Baxter D: Integration of biomass drying with combustion/gasification technologies and minimization of emissions of organic compounds. Chemical Papers 2009, 63: 15–25. 10.2478/s11696-008-0080-5
Visser R, Spinelli R, Stampfer K: Integrating biomass recovery operations into commercial timber harvesting: the New Zealand situation. Lake Tahoe, June 15–18, 2009: In 2009 Council of Forest Engineering (COFE) Conference Proceedings: “Environmentally Sound Forest Operations.”; 2009.
Walker J: Primary wood processing. 2nd edition. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer Verlag; 2006.
Yoshida T, Sasaki H, Takano T, Sawabe O: Dewatering of high-moisture wood chips by roller compression method. Biomass & Bioenergy 2010, 34: 1053–1058. 10.1016/j.biombioe.2010.02.013