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Table 3 The important native and invasive species retained for analysis determined by average rank of cover of DAFOR scale for all plots

From: Invasive alien plant species, fragmentation and scale effects on urban forest community composition in Durban, South Africa

Species Species abbreviation Family Functional type Plot occurrence Overall average cover
  a) Native
Dalbergia obovata E.Mey. DalbObov Fabaceae Scrambler 42 1.57
Albizia adianthifolia (Schumach.) W.F. Wight AlbiAdia Fabaceae Tree 39 1.05
Monanthotaxis caffra Baill. MonaCaff Annonaceae Scrambler 32 1.00
Psychotria capensis (Eckl.) Vatke PsycCape Rubiaceae Tree 29 0.97
Protorhus longifolia (Bernh.ex C.Krauss) Engl. ProtLong Anacardiaceae Tree 31 0.91
Berkheya bergiana Ehrh. BerkBerg Asteraceae Shrub 21 0.82
Strelitzia nicolai Regel & Körn. StreNico Strelitziaceae Tree 24 0.81
Isoglossa woodii Oerst. IsogWood Acanthaceae Shrub 16 0.78
Dalbergia armata DalbArma Fabaceae Scrambler 26 0.77
Smilax anceps Willd. SmilAnce Smilacaceae Climber 23 0.65
Englerophytum natalense (Sond.) T.D.Penn. EnglNata Sapotaceae Tree 20 0.55
Trimeria grandifolia (Hochst.) Warb. subsp. grandifolia TrimGran Salicaceae Tree 15 0.53
Dioscorea villosa L. DiosVill Dioscoreaceae Climber 23 0.51
Croton sylvaticus Muell. Arg. CrotSylv Euphorbiaceae Tree 26 0.50
Rothmannia globosa (Hochst.) Keay RothGlob Rubiaceae Tree 17 0.49
Senecio tamoides DC. SeneTamo Asteraceae Climber 18 0.49
Canthium ciliatum (D.Dietr.) Kuntze CantCili Rubiaceae Tree 19 0.47
Kiggelaria africana L. KiggAfri Achariaceae Tree 21 0.46
Heteropyxis natalensis Harv. HeteNata Myrtaceae Tree 14 0.45
Zehneria scabra (L.f.) Sond. ZehnScab Curcubitaceae Climber 21 0.45
Combretum molle R.Br. ex G.Don CombMoll Combretaceae Tree 20 0.43
Canthium inerme (L.f.) Kuntze CantIner Rubiaceae Tree 19 0.38
Tabernaemontana ventricosa Hochst. ex A.DC. TabeVetr Apocynaceae Tree 14 0.36
Baphia racemose (Hochst.) Baker BaphRace Fabaceae Tree 11 0.30
Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baill. BridMicr Phyllanthaceae Tree 17 0.30
Ekebergia capensis Sparrm. EkebCape Meliaceae Tree 13 0.19
Dregea floribunda E.Mey. DregFlor Apocynaceae Climber 10 0.19
Trema orientalis (L.) Blume TremOrie Cannabaceae Tree 10 0.16
  b) Invasive
Chromolaena odorata (L.) R.M.King ChrmOdor Asteraceae Shrub 38 1.09
Lantana camara L. LantCama Verbenaceae Shrub 35 0.93
Cardiospermum grandiflorum Sw. CardGran Sapindaceae Climber 13 0.65
Litsea glutinosa (Lour.) C.B. Rob. LitsSebi Lauraceae Tree 15 0.57
Melia azedarach L. MeliAzed Meliaceae Tree 16 0.42
Ipomoea purpurea (L) Roth IpomPurp Convolvulaceae Climber 10 0.31
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch. PartQuin Vitaceae Climber 18 0.30
Passiflora suberosa L. PassSube Passifloraceae Climber 14 0.30
Solanum mauritianum Scop. SolaMaur Solanaceae Shrub 12 0.27