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Table 1 Summary of major findings to date on culm-cutting-based propagation of bamboo

From: Factors affecting macropropagation of bamboo with special reference to culm cuttings: a review update

Bamboo species Culm-cutting method details Reference Major findings
Arundinaria alpina Culm cutting method Ntirugulirwa et al. (2012). Soaking in water is not effective for sprouting. Middle part of culm most suitable for propagation.
One-nodal culm cutting method Senyanzobe et al. (2013). Greenhouse in comparison to the polythene-shaded nursery house gave better growth of propagating material.
Bambusa bamboos Two-nodal culm cutting, horizontal setting Saharia and Sen (1990). Two-year-old culms have higher survival than other age groups (one and 3 years).
Bambusabalcooa Two-nodal culm cutting, horizontal setting Saharia and Sen (1990). Two-year-old culms had higher survival than other age groups.
Culm cutting Joshi et al. (2012). Two-year-old culm cuttings with intermittent misting gave best response. Rooting per cent of culm cuttings set in different seasons showed response as Spring (March) > Summer (June) > Monsoon (August) > Autumn (October).
Two-nodal culm cutting, horizontal setting Ray and Ali (2016). Coarse sand superior to either vermicompost or vermiculite for the successful regeneration of bamboo.
B. nutans Culm cutting Stapleton (1985). The reorientation of noded cuttings in bedding material improved shooting and rooting percentage of cutting material.
Single-node culm and culm-branch cuttings, horizontal setting Singh et al. (2011). Better rooting was recorded in culm cuttings (88.3%) compared to branch cuttings (46.6%), with the best rooting in the month of May.
Culm cutting, 2–3 nodal, horizontal setting Gulabrao et al. (2012). Cuttings collected in summer showed maximum sprouting and rooting.
B. tulda Culm cutting, 2–3 nodal, horizontal planting Singh et al. (2011). Culm cuttings of B. tulda recorded adventitious rooting only in May (23.3%), and no root induction occurred in the culm-branch cuttings.
Culm cutting, 2–3 nodal, horizontal planting Gulabrao et al. (2012). Better rooting found in spring (46.67%) than summer (43.33%) and rainy season (40%).
B. vulgaris Culm cutting Ntirugulirwa et al. (2012). Middle part of culm is most suitable for propagation, and soaking in water is not effective for sprouting.
Culm cutting (1-, 2- and 3-nodal segments); setting orientation: horizontal, vertical and slanting Bhol and Nayak (2012). Planting of 1- or 2-noded cuttings horizontally superior over other alternatives for propagation.
B. vulgaris One-nodal culm cutting Senyanzobe et al. (2013) Propagation of this species is effective in both of greenhouse and polythene shaded nursery house.
Bambusa NagalandianaNaithani Culm cutting and branch cutting Deb et al. (2016). Rooting higher in culm cutting (~70.6%) than in branch cutting (~60.3%) during summer season
B. pallida Two-nodal culm cutting, horizontal setting Saharia and Sen (1990). Two-year-old culms had higher survival than other age groups.
Dendrocalamusasper Two-nodal culm cutting Singh et al. (2004). Culm cuttings better than branch cuttings in terms of sprouting and rooting
D. hamiltonii Culm cutting, 2–3 nodal, horizontal setting Gulabrao et al. (2012). Cuttings collected in summer season showed maximum sprouting (66.67%) and rooting (56.67%).
D. giganteus Culm cutting, 2–3 nodal, horizontal planting Gulabrao et al. (2012) Maximum rooting found in spring (73.33%) compared with the summer and rainy seasons (13.33%).
D. strictus Culm cutting, 2–3 nodal, horizontal planting Gulabrao et al. (2012). Cuttings collected in summer showed maximum sprouting (70%) and rooting (53.33%)
Melocanna bambusoides Two-nodal culm cutting, horizontal setting Saharia and Sen (1990). Two-year-old culms gave higher survival than 1-year or 3-year-old culms.
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