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Table 8 Effect of the utilisation of planted forests on consumer surplus and producer surplus in 2009.

From: Assessing the impact of planted forests on the global forest economy

Region Difference in consumer
surplus
Difference in producer surplus Total benefit to industry
  (10 9 US$) Planted forests
(10 9 US$)
Natural
Forests
(10 9 US$)
All Forests
(10 9 US$)
(10 9 US $) (US$ ha -1 y -1 ) (US $ ha -1 ) 1
Africa 21.4 3.1 -11.6 -8.5 12.9 858 28609
North/Central America 15.5 4.6 -10.6 -6.0 9.6 252 8400
South America 9.5 1.7 -7.4 -5.7 3.9 334 11130
Asia 43.1 12.1 -17.9 -5.8 37.2 307 10241
Oceania 1.1 0.5 -1.6 -1.1 0 -1 -28
Europe2 16.8 8.7 -11.8 -3.1 13.7 199 6639
  Eu-27 countries 12.7 7.1 -6.2 0.9 13.6 319 10647
World 107.6 30.6 -60.8 -30.2 77.4 300 10003
  1. 1Present value of a constant future stream of the same amount at a real interest rate of 3% per year.
  2. 2Geographical Europe defined as in FAO (2012), includes the Russian Federation. EU-27 countries are defined as in European Commission (2014).